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Section I    Use of English

����Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

����People are, on the whole, poor at considering background information when making individual decisions. At first glance this might seem like a strength that ___1___ the ability to make judgments which are unbiased by ___2___ factors. But Dr Simonton speculated that an inability to consider the big ___3___ was leading decision-makers to be biased by the daily samples of information they were working with. ___4___, he theorized that a judge ___5___ of appearing too soft ___6___crime might be more likely to send someone to prison ___7___he had already sentenced five or six other defendants only to forced community service on that day.

����To ___8___this idea, they turned their attention to the university-admissions process. In theory, the ___9___ of an applicant should not depend on the few others___10___ randomly for interview during the same day, but Dr Simonton suspected the truth was___11___.

����He studied the results of 9,323 MBA interviews ___12___ by 31 admissions officers. The interviewers had ___13___ applicants on a scale of one to five. This scale ___14___ numerous factors into consideration. The scores were ___15___ used in conjunction with an applicant��s score on the GMAT, a standardized exam which is ___16___out of 800 points, to make a decision on whether to accept him or her.

����Dr Simonton found if the score of the previous candidate in a daily series of interviewees was 0.75 points or more higher than that of the one ___17___ that, then the score for the next applicant would___18___ by an average of 0.075 points. This might sound small, but to___19___the effects of such a decrease a candidate would need 30 more GMAT points than would otherwise have been ___20___.

����1. A grants   B submits  C transmits   D delivers

����2. A minor  B external   C crucial   D objective

����3. A issue   B vision   C picture   D moment

����4. A Above all   B On average   C In principle  D For example

����5. A fond   B fearful  C capable   D thoughtless

����6. A in  B for   C to   D on

����7. A if  B until   C though   D unless

����8. A. test   B. emphasize   C. share  D. promote

����9. A. decision   B. quality   C. status   D. success

����10. A. found   B. studied   C. chosen   D. identified

����11. A. otherwise   B. defensible  C. replaceable   D. exceptional

����12. A. inspired   B. expressed   C. conducted   D. secured

����13. A. assigned   B. rated   C. matched   D. arranged

����14. A. put   B. got   C. took   D. gave

����15. A. instead  B. then   C. ever   D. rather

����16. A. selected  B. passed  C. marked   D. introduced

����17. A below   B after   C above   D before

����18. A jump  B float   C fluctuate   D drop

����19. A achieve   B undo   C maintain  D disregard

20. A necessary   B possible   C promising   D helpful

 

Section II   Reading Comprehension

����Part A

����Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (40 points)

����Text 1

����In the 2006 film version of The Devil Wears Prada ,Miranda Priestly, played by Meryl Streep, scolds her unattractive assistant for imagining that high fashion doesn��t affect her, Priestly explains how the deep blue color of the assistant��s sweater descended over the years from fashion shows to departments stores and to the bargain bin in which the poor girl doubtless found her garment.

����This top-down conception of the fashion business couldn`t  be more out of date or at odds with the feverish would described in Overdressed, Elizabeth Cline`s three-year indictment of ��fast fashion��. In the last decade or so, advances in technology have allowed mass-market labels such as Zara, H&M, and Uniqlo to react to trends more quickly and anticipate demand more precisely. Quicker turnarounds mean less wasted inventory, more frequent release, and more profit. These labels encourage style-conscious consumers to see clothes as disposable-meant to last only a wash or two, although they don��t advertise that �Cand to renew their wardrobe every few weeks. By offering on-trend items at dirt-cheap prices, Cline argues, these brands have hijacked fashion cycles, shaking an industry long accustomed to a seasonal pace.

����The victims of this revolution, of course, are not limited to designers. For H&M to offer a $5.95 knit miniskirt in all its 2,300-pius stores around the world, it must rely on low-wage overseas labor, order in volumes that strain natural resources, and use massive amounts of harmful chemicals.

����Overdressed is the fashion world`s answer to consumer-activist bestsellers like Michael Pollan`s.  The Omnivore`s Dilemma. ��Mass-produced clothing ,like fast food, fills a hunger and need, yet is non-durable and wasteful,�� Cline argues. Americans, she finds, buy roughly 20 billion garments a year �C about 64 items per person �C and no matter how much they give away, this excess leads to waste.

����Towards the end of Overdressed, Cline introduced her ideal, a Brooklyn woman named Sarah Kate Beaumont, who since 2008 has made all of her own clothes �C and beautifully. But as Cline is the first to note, it took Beaumont decades to p

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